学霸告诉你,如何从普通高中迈入牛津

EndNote教程 | 2018-09-07 04:30

秉持尊重学生和家长隐私的原则,以下所展示的图片,都已经经过确认可以放到公开媒介。还有N多学术素材,由于知识产权或家长原因,不便公开,敬请理解。

一直以来,我们不断的和同学及家长强调早规划,早做背景提升的重要性,但是拖到最后一刻才来找我们的同学还是占了大多数,咨询老师空有一身本领能发挥的余地却很少。今天我们为大家分享一下LI同学的亲身经历,给大家带来多一些参考。LI同学来自中国大陆的一所公立高中,对量子物理专业兴趣浓厚,梦想着进入顶尖大学读书。为此,他特意申请美国名校科研,增加学术背景,开拓视野,获得真知。经过美国名校科研老师的指导,LI同学在2017年的暑假申请到了麻省理工学院量子物理专业的科研机会。下文是学生在MIT科研学习结束后所写的感受,供学生家长参考。

暑假科研结束后的第6个月,LI 同学在英国大学申请过程中,收获了心中梦想学校牛津大学的预录取。

温馨提示:大陆公立学校的学生,由于没有参加A-LEVEL课程体系,申请

英国大学,都需要读预科。

Retrospection

During my one-month stay in MIT, I learned quite a few things and made quite a few friends. My topic of research was: calculation of bell’s inequality and experimental requirements under certain noise conditions.

在MIT学习的1个月,我学到了不少东西,交了不少朋友。我的研究课题是:calculation of bell’s inequality and experimental requirements under certain noise conditions.

On my day one, Prof. F took me around the campus and let me get acquainted with the whereabouts. F is the general manager of the research program and taught us systematic ways of doing research with a database. The first few lectures were given by Chris, who reviewed the basic concepts of quantum mechanics and introduced the topic of non-linear optics. We met with professor Z, who is an expert in non-linear optics, photon detection, single photon generation, information theory and, most importantly, Quantum Key Distribution. He gave us lectures regarding how to solve Schrodinger equations corresponding to entangled photons pairs.Chris also taught me some matlab.

第一天,F老师带我参观了校园,让我了解了麻省理工的各个实验室、教学楼的分布情况。F老师是麻省理工科研的教学主任,教授我们系统的用数据库进行研究的方法。前几堂课是由Chris主持的,回顾了量子力学的基本概念,介绍了非线性光学的基本概念。我们会见了Z教授,他是非线性光学、光子探测、单光子产生、信息理论和最重要的量子密钥方面的专家。他给我们讲了如何解决纠缠光子对的薛定谔方程。Chris还教了我一些MATLAB。

In the second week, Chris taught us concepts regarding squeezed states and Bell’s inequality. He assigned an 70-page-paper and a few other papers to read so that we can grasp the gist of bell’s inequality. I asked considerable amount of questions during the classes and other meetings and extensively broadened my knowledge about basic quantum mechanics. Professor Z gave us reviews about his on-going research about quantum key distribution, which can ensure quantum communication hundreds of times faster than the older protocol. Chris also gave us a lab tour and taught us about the technologies being employed to make the QKD experiments possible.

在第二周,Chris讲述了关于压缩状态的概念和贝尔不等式。他安排我们阅读了一份70页的论文,还又其他一些论文,我们可以通过这些掌握贝尔不等式的要点。在课堂和其他会议上,我问了相当多的问题,并广泛地扩展了我对基本量子力学的知识。Z教授给了我们关于他正在进行的关于量子密钥分布的研究,这可以确保量子通信比旧的协议快几百倍。Chris也给我们做了一次实验室旅行,并教会了我们如何利用这些技术使QKD实验成为可能。

The research about Bell’s inequality starts in week three and we start doing computations of the  bell’s inequality. We were introduced to professor U from  Academy of Science. Professor U gave us lectures on the current imaging technologies and his own on-going research about the imaging with photon scanners and  imaging processing techniques using spacial and time correlation to yield high-resolution images, which works well even under single pixel conditions.

关于贝尔不等式的研究从第三周开始,我们开始计算贝尔不等式。我们被介绍给了来自科学学院的U教授。U教授给我们讲了当前的成像技术和他自己正在进行的关于成像的研究,用光子扫描仪和成像处理技术,利用空间和时间的相关性来产生高分辨率的图像,即使在单个像素条件下也能很好地工作。

In the last week, we did the computations of bell’s inequality under low detection efficiencies and possibilities of dark count. The equation typing was painful and the results weren’t quite pleasant since I yielded a result above three while the S value is impossible to surpass 2*2^0.5. Apart from that, research scientist D gave us really informative lectures on Fourier optics, solving optical problems with maxwell equations and a lot of new ways of solving for wave propagation. The e^ikx system was especially intriguing. At the last day, research scientist F bought us dinner.

在过去的一个星期里,我们计算了贝尔不等式在低探测效率和暗计数的可能性。方程的输入是痛苦的,结果并不令人愉快,因为我的结果是3以上,而S值不可能超过2*2^0.5。除此之外,研究科学家D给我们提供了关于傅里叶光学的知识讲座,解决了麦克斯韦方程组的光学问题以及许多新的解决波传播的方法。e ikx系统尤其有趣。在最后一天,研究科学家F给我们买了晚餐。

Throughout the program, F gave us lectures on how to use endnote to search for and organize papers. He informed us how to cite correctly and maneuver the correlations between google scholar, SCI, word and endnote to work more efficiently and accurately. These are all important research skills. Moreover, I was able to build up a small base of possibly needed papers using MIT free access of all papers, which was quite useful. We were also able to hear some lectures given by the librarian, who is also a biologist at MIT, on the topics of efficient file managing and using LATEX as well as efficiently using MIT online library.

在整个项目中,F给我们做了关于如何使用endnote来搜索和组织论文的讲座。他告诉我们如何正确地引用和操纵谷歌学者、SCI、word和尾注之间的相关性,从而更有效、更准确地工作。这些都是重要的研究技能。此外,我还可以利用麻省理工学院免费访问所有论文,建立起一个可能需要的文件的小基础,这是非常有用的。我们还能听到图书馆员的一些讲座,他同时也是麻省理工学院的生物学家,他的主题是高效的文件管理和使用乳胶,以及有效地使用麻省理工学院的在线图书馆。

We have food across the Mass Ave in the Student center. The food provided at the home stay was much more pleasant in contrast. My sole classmate YC was a good teacher to me as well. He is going to be a senior in NYU and he told me quite a lot about how things, especially research, works in the university, which greatly improves my sophistication of college life planning. He helped me a lot with the studies and answered a lot of my academic questions since he has all the college education I don’t have.

我们在学生中心的大殿里有食物。相比之下,寄宿家庭家里提供的食物更令人愉快。我唯一的同学YC也是我的好老师。他将成为纽约大学的一名大四学生,他告诉我很多事情,尤其是研究,在大学里是如何运作的,这极大地提高了我大学生活规划的复杂性。他帮了我很多研究,回答了很多我的学术问题,因为他拥有我所没有的全部大学教育。

In general, this research program taught me a lot about academics and life. It tells me how research looks like and that they don’t always go in the way you want them to go. It gives me a lot of informations regarding how to become a successful academic, and later, a professor. The ways relations work in academia was also informative and I hope I have made some personal connections that would be useful in my future career.

总的来说,这个研究项目教会了我很多关于学术和生活的知识。它告诉我研究是怎样的,而且它们并不总是按照你想要的方式去做。它给了我很多关于如何成为一个成功的学者的信息,之后是一个教授。在学术界,关系的工作方式也很有意义,我希望我能建立起一些人际关系,这对我未来的职业生涯很有帮助。

August 2017

在最新的世界学术水平排行榜中,名列前茅的绝大部分都是美国的大学。由于美国大学与工商业、企业结合紧密,同时学校的教学资源、实验课题及实验设备都属于全球顶尖状态,从而成为众多留学生的梦想留学目的地。

目前中国学生申请赴美留学人数日益剧增,以往美国顶尖名校选择录取GPA高分学生,后来校方逐渐发现学生在学习中缺少创新和实操的能力,进而导致美国名校录取率的下降。近些年,招生官对选择学生时更加看重的是具有自主创新、专业技能、思维创造才能等综合素质的人才。对于计划入读美国名校的学生,实际的科研经验无疑可以提升竞争力,从而大大增加被名校录取的概率。

名盛教育咨询,坚持为更多有梦想的学生提供机会和平台。

美国名校科研,是一个为期3-4周,学生利用寒暑假在美国大学实验室或科研组,凭借自身专业知识和兴趣特长,完成教授和博士安排的工作,并向教授和博士负责、汇报的科研学习计划。

名校教授推荐信,真实科研履历及科研证书。